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Sociology of Elak Sub-Division


Elak-Oku council area has a very strong tradition under the leadership of a second class fon. They have two main Juju houses ‘‘Ngiri and Nwerong or Kwifon’’ and other traditional groups like Mfuh and Samba. Their traditional regalia is a marked black dress known as ‘‘Vikumvekom’’ won with a handmade multi color cap. Their stable food is fufu-corn and vegetable (huckleberry). According to their traditional calendar, their week is made up of 8 days instead of 7.

Ethnic groups and inter-ethnic relations:

The people of Elak-Oku council belong mainly to the Tikaris ethnic group. Generally there are several other clans found in the council area like the Nso, Noni, Mbororos, Bamunka and Wimbum. These people from different ethnic backgrounds, co-exist and interact in many domains like social groups, professional groups, etc and they also inter marry.


Just as in Cameroon, there is freedom of religious worship in Elak-Oku council area. Generally, the people practice Christianity. The main Christian denominations in the area include: Presbyterians, Roman Catholics, Baptists and Full Gospel. There are also Muslims, and traditionalists in the municipality.The religious institutions contribute to the development of the municipality by providing educational and psychosocial facilities.

Vulnerable populations:

The council area has vulnerable persons who are physically and mentally handicapped. These vulnerable persons are found in Elak, Ichim Manchok, Jiyane and Mbam villages. The number of orphans is quite high in these villages.

The Mbororo’s who are equally a vulnerable group has a high population densities in four villages as seen on the table below:

Most vulnerable persons in the council area do not have most official documents like national identity card and birth certificates. They are under-educated, live in poor housing conditions, poor state of social facilities like schools, absence of orphanages, high prevalence of disease, Limited access to portable water, poor road network, limited agricultural inputs, limited psycho-social support to the aged, absence of financial, nutritional, medical and material support to vulnerable persons.