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Climate and Soils


The climate of Elak Oku is of the Equato-Guinean type, characterized by two distinct seasons. The rainy season that is characterized by heavy rainfall starts from mid March and end in mid October. The dry season during which there is a lot of sunshine and very harsh tropical weather starts in mid October and end in mid March. During the dry season, the weather is very cold in the mornings and evenings while it is very hot in the afternoons. The area has maximum temperatures of 16.5 to 19°C and minimum temperatures of 9 to 10.5°C. Rainfall is in excess of 3050 mm per year.


The soils of Elak council area are generally of volcanic origin and basalt is the common rock through which most soils have been formed. There are also volcanic and ferralitic soils in most of the highlands like in Elak Oku. Generally, the soils are muddy during the rainy season and dusty during the dry season. The volcanic ash around Kilum Mt. must have been brought about by volcanic eruptions sometimes in the past. This area has fertile soils for agriculture but due to the hilly nature and poor farming techniques the soil is being depleted and gradually losing its fertility.